Sunday, 15 August 2010

Mahameru, the highest peak on Java island is so beautiful

Mount Semeru is the highest volcano in Java, with its peak Mahameru, 3676 meters above sea level (masl). The crater at the summit of Mount Semeru Saloko Jonggring known.
Semeru has Dipterokarp forest hill, forest Dipterokarp Upper Montane Forest, and Forest Ericaceous or mountain forest.

The position of this mountain is located between the administrative area of Malang Regency and Lumajang, with geographical position between 8 ° 06 'latitude and 120 ° 55' longitude.
In 1913 and 1946 Crater Jonggring Saloka have dome with a height of 3744.8 M until the end of November 1973. On the south, the dome was broken edge of the crater caused lava flows towards the south side of the covering area and Candipuro Pronojiwo in Lumajang.

It takes about four days to climb the peak of Mount Semeru commute. To climb the mountain semeru can be reached via the town of Malang or Lumajang. From our poor city terminal to ride public transportation to the village Tumpang. Connected again with a jeep or truck vegetables are widely available in the back of the terminal market with cost per person Tumpang 20.000, - until the Postal Ranu Pani.
Previously, we stopped at Gubugklakah to obtain permits, with details, license fees Rp.6.000, - to a maximum of 10 people, park entrance tickets Rp.2.000, - per person, per person Rp.2.000 Insurance, -
Using a vegetable truck or jeep journey starts from Tumpang to Ranu Pane, the last village at the foot semeru. Here there are checkpoints, there are also stalls and cottages. For climbers who brought the tent fee of Rp 20,000, and if carrying a camera -/tenda also subject to a fee of Rp 5000, -/buah. In this post we could find any porters (local residents to help indicate the direction of climbing, lifting and cooking). Climbers can also stay overnight in custody Pos. In Pos Ranu Pane also there are two lakes namely Lake Ranu Pane (1 ha) and Ranu Regulo lake (0.75 ha). Located at an altitude of 2200 masl.
Having arrived at the gate "welcome", note continues to the left toward the hill, do not follow the broad road toward the garden of the population. In addition to the usual route bypassed the climbers, there is also a commonly used shortcut local hikers, this path is very steep.
Initial path sloping down the hillside vegetation dominated by reeds. There are no signs pointing toward the street, but there are signs at every 100m distance measure. There are many fallen trees and branches above the head.
After walking about 5 km down the overgrown hillside Edelweis, and will arrive at Watu Rejeng.Here there is a very beautiful steep rock. Very beautiful scenery to the valley and hills, which is overgrown with fir and pine forest. Sometimes smoke can be seen from the top semeru. To reach Ranu Kumbolo still have to travel a distance of about 4.5 km.

Ranu Kumbolo

In Ranu Kumbolo can pitch a tent. There is also a hikers hut (shelter). There is a lake with water that is clean and has beautiful scenery, especially in the morning can see the sunrise on the sidelines of hill. There are many fish, sometimes wild grouse. Ranu Kumbolo located at an altitude of 2400 m with an area of 14 ha.
From Ranu Kumbolo should prepare as much water as possible. Ranu leave Kumbolo then climb a steep hill, with beautiful views over the lake behind. In front of the hill lies a vast prairie called the oro-oro Ombo. Oro-oro Ombo surrounded by hills and mountains with beautiful views, wide meadows with pine-covered slopes as in Europe. From behind the Mt. Kepolo peaks of Mt.Semeru wedus smoke belching trash.
Further into the forest Pines where sometimes birds and deer. This area is called Cemoro Cage.
Postage Kalimati located at an altitude 2700 m, here can pitch a tent to rest. The headings in the form of broad meadow on the edge of pine forest, so a lot of available twigs to a bonfire.
There is a spring water source Mani, to the west (right) tracing Kalimati forest edge with a distance of one-hour commute. In Kalimati and in Arcopodo numerous mountain rats.

To reach Arcopodo turn left (East) runs approximately 500 meters, then turn right (south) down the little meadow Kalimati. Arcopodo Kalimati is one hour from pine forest through a very steep, with a simple soil erosion and dust. We can also camp in Arcopodo, but less stable soil conditions and frequent landslides. We recommend using goggles and masks because a lot of fly ash. Arcopodo located at an altitude of 2.900m, Arcopodo is the last area of vegetation on Mount Semeru, the rest will pass through the sand dunes.
From Arcopodo to the top of Semeru takes 3-4 hours, past the very steep hill of sand and easy to drop. As a travel guide, at this point there are also several small red triangular flag. All luggage should stay in Arcopodo or in Kalimati. Climbing to the summit made the early morning at around 2:00 AM from Arcopodo.
At noon the wind cendurung north toward the summit carrying a toxic gas from the crater Jonggring Saloka.
The climb should be done in the dry season ie June, July, August, and September. Should not be climbing during the rainy season due to frequent storms and landslides.

Ranu Pane:

Ranu Kumbolo:

At the peak of Mount Semeru (Peak Mahameru) climbers are advised to not go Jonggring Saloko crater, is also prohibited to climb from the south side, because of the poisonous gas and lava flows. This poisonous gas known as trash Wedhus (Java language which means "wild goat") by local residents. Mahameru dipuncak temperature range 40-10 degrees Celsius, at the peak of the dry season minus 0 degrees Celsius, and found ice crystals. The weather is often foggy, especially at lunch, afternoon and evening. The wind was blowing hard, the months from December to January is often a storm.

Wedus eruption trash every 15-30 minutes on the summit of Mount Semeru is still active. In November 1997 Mount Semeru erupts as much as 2990 times. At noon the wind direction towards the summit, is to avoid coming during the day at the peak, because the poisonous gas and lead to a summit eruption.
The eruption of white smoke, gray to black with a height of 300-800 meters eruption. Material that comes out at every eruption of ash, sand, gravel, stones and even heat on the very dangerous if the climber is too close. At the beginning of the year 1994 hot lava streaming down the southern slope of Mount Semeru and have eaten a few casualties, although the views of the river meandering heat into the sea has become a very interesting spectacle.
Soe Hok Gie, one of the activists and students of the Faculty of Letters Indonesia University of Indonesia, died on Mount Semeru in 1969 due to toxic smoke inhalation at Mount Semeru. He died along with his partner, Idhan Dhanvantari Lubis.

In general the climate in the region of Mount Semeru, including climate type B (Schmidt and Ferguson) with 927 mm rainfall - 5498 mm per year with the number of rainy days 136 days / year and the rainy season begins in the month from November to April. Semeru dipuncak air temperature ranged from 0-4 degrees celsius.The average temperature ranges between 3 ° c - 8 ° c at night and early morning, whereas during the day ranged from 15 ° c - 21 ° c. Sometimes it happens in some areas a small snowfall occurs during the rainy season changes to dry season or vice versa. Cold temperatures along the route of this trip is not solely caused by the air but still supported by the wind that blows into this area causing colder air.

National parks
This entry in the region of Mount Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. This park consists of mountains and valleys of an area of 50273.3 hectares. There are several mountains in the Caldera Gn.Tengger among others; Gn.Bromo (2.392m), Mt. Batok (2.470m) Gn.Kursi (2.581 m) Gn.Watangan (2.662m) Gn.Widodaren (2.650m). There are four lakes (Ranu): Ranu Pani, Ranu Regulo, Ranu Kumbolo, Ranu Darungan.Flora in the Region of Mount Semeru, but a lot of diverse types dominated by pine, acacia, pine, and the type Jamuju. While for lower plants dominated by Kirinyuh, reeds, tembelekan, Edelwiss harendong and white, numerous in Edelwiss which slopes toward the peak of Semeru.And also found in some orchid species endemic to living in the vicinity of South Semeru.Many fauna that inhabit Mount Semeru, among others: Tiger Beetles, Lutung, Civet, Deer, Kancil, etc.. While in there Kumbolo Ranu surviving wild grouse.

First ascent
The first person to climb this mountain is Clignet (1838), a Dutch geologist from the southwest through Widodaren, hereinafter Junhuhn (1945), a Dutch botanist from the north through the mountain-ayek Ayek, mountaineering and mountain Inder-inder Kepolo. 1911 Van Gogh and Heim via the northern slope and after 1945 are generally carried out through the north slope ascent through Ranupane and Ranu Kumbolo like this now.

According to the Java community trust which was written in ancient books Tantu Performances from the 15th century, the island of Java at some time floating in the ocean, the waves pushed around here and there. The gods decided to tack Java island by way of Mount Meru in India move to the top of Java.

According to the Balinese people believed to be Mr Mahameru Mount Gunung Agung in Bali and respected by the people of Bali. Ceremonial offerings to the gods of Mount Mahameru done by the people of Bali. No matter how the ceremony is only done once every 8-12 years at the time people just accept the mysterious sound of the gods of Mount Mahameru. In addition to offering the people of Bali ceremonies often come into the area to get Tirta Cave Widodaren sacred.

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