Wednesday, 18 August 2010

Mount Merapi

Merapi is the name of a volcano in the province of Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia which is still very active today. Since year in 1548, this mountain has erupted 68 times as much. It is located quite close to the city of Yogyakarta and there are still villages in the slope to a height of 1700 m. For the people at the venue, Merapi brings material blessing of sand, whereas for local governments, Mount Merapi, a tourist attraction for tourists. Merapi is now included in the National Park area of Mount Merapi.

Mount Merapi is the youngest volcano in the collection at the selatanPulau Java. The mountain is located in a subduction zone, where the Indo-Australiaterus moves down the Eurasian Plate.The eruption in the area lasted from 400,000 years ago, and up to 10,000 years ago type of eruption is effusive. After that, the eruptions become explosive, with lava flows that cause thick lava domes.

Rute climb
Mount Merapi is the most popular climbing obyek. Band climb the most common and is close to the northern side dariSèlo, a district in Boyolali regency, Central Java, which lies between Mount Merapi and Mount Merbabu. Climbing through the Cello average take five hours to the summit.
Popular bands are in functions, Pakem district, Sleman regency, Yogyakarta on the southern side. This band is terjal and takes 6-7 hours to the summit. The other alternative bands are in the north west side, starting from Sawangan, Magelang regency, Central Java and the south side, from the pure-bred, Sub ACCIDENT, Klaten Regency, Central Java. Geological history

Merapi is the youngest volcanoes in southern Java. It is located on kelinciran zone, where the Indo-Australian plate is sliding beneath the Eurasian Plate. It is one of 129 active volcanoes in Indonesia. Stratigrafi analysis reveals that eruptions in the Merapi area began about 400,000 years ago, and until about 10,000 years ago, eruptions were typically effusive, lava emitted was basaltic lava. Since then, eruptions have become more explosive, with viscous andesitic lavas often generating lava domes. Dome collapse has often generated pyroclastic flows and larger explosions, which resulted in eruption columns, eventually causing collapse of the column above.
Typically, small eruptions occur every two or three years, and the greater will occur every 10-15 years or more. Significant eruptions, often causing many deaths, have occurred in the years 1006, 1786, 1822, 1872 (the most violent eruption in recent history), and 1930 - when 13 villages were destroyed and 1400 people killed by pyroclastic flows.
A very large eruption occurred in 1006 resulted in the island of Java is covered with ash.Volcanism is believed to lead to the collapse of civilization, Hindu kingdom of Mataram, was filled by Muslims to be leaders of the island of Java.
Mount Merapi continues hold particular significance for the Javanese: it is one of four places where officials from the royal palaces of Yogyakarta and Solo make annual offerings to entertain the spirits of ancient Javanese.
Small eruptions occur every 2-3 years, and a larger approximately 10-15 years. Merapi eruptions such a big impact in the years 1006, 1786, 1822, 1872, and 1930. Large eruption in 1006 made all over the center island Jawadiselubungi ashes. It is estimated, the eruption caused the ancient Mataram kingdom had to move to East Java. The explosion in tahun1930 destroying 13 villages and killed 1400 people.

The eruption in November 1994 causing clouds blowing heat down to reach some villages and claimed dozens of human lives. July 19, 1998 eruption is big enough but it leads to the top so it does not take casualties. Note the last eruption of this mountain was in the year 2001-2003 in the form of high activity are ongoing.

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