Merapi is the name of a volcano in the
and province of Central Java which is still very active today. Since year in 1548, this mountain has erupted 68 times as much. It is located quite close to the city of Yogyakarta, Indonesia and there are still villages in the slope to a height of 1700 m. For the people at the venue, Merapi brings material blessing of sand, whereas for local governments, Yogyakarta , a tourist attraction for tourists. Merapi is now included in the National Park area of Mount Merapi . Mount Merapi
Popular bands are in functions, Pakem district, Sleman regency,
Yogyakarta on the southern side. This band is terjal and takes 6-7 hours to the summit. The other alternative bands are in the side, starting from Sawangan, Magelang regency, north west Central Java and the south side, from the pure-bred, Sub ACCIDENT, Klaten Regency, Central Java. Geological history
Merapi is the youngest volcanoes in southern Java. It is located on kelinciran zone, where the Indo-Australian plate is sliding beneath the Eurasian Plate. It is one of 129 active volcanoes in
. Stratigrafi analysis reveals that eruptions in the Merapi area began about 400,000 years ago, and until about 10,000 years ago, eruptions were typically effusive, lava emitted was basaltic lava. Since then, eruptions have become more explosive, with viscous andesitic lavas often generating lava domes. Dome collapse has often generated pyroclastic flows and larger explosions, which resulted in eruption columns, eventually causing collapse of the column above. Indonesia
Typically, small eruptions occur every two or three years, and the greater will occur every 10-15 years or more. Significant eruptions, often causing many deaths, have occurred in the years 1006, 1786, 1822, 1872 (the most violent eruption in recent history), and 1930 - when 13 villages were destroyed and 1400 people killed by pyroclastic flows.
A very large eruption occurred in 1006 resulted in the
is covered with ash.Volcanism is believed to lead to the collapse of civilization, Hindu island of Java , was filled by Muslims to be leaders of the kingdom of Mataram . island of Java
Small eruptions occur every 2-3 years, and a larger approximately 10-15 years. Merapi eruptions such a big impact in the years 1006, 1786, 1822, 1872, and 1930. Large eruption in 1006 made all over the center island Jawadiselubungi ashes. It is estimated, the eruption caused the ancient Mataram kingdom had to move to
East Java. The explosion in tahun1930 destroying 13 villages and killed 1400 people.
The eruption in November 1994 causing clouds blowing heat down to reach some villages and claimed dozens of human lives.
July 19, 1998 eruption is big enough but it leads to the top so it does not take casualties. Note the last eruption of this mountain was in the year 2001-2003 in the form of high activity are ongoing.